The Coyote is also known as the American Jackal or Prairie Wolf and is a cousin of the Gray Wolf. It has 19 subspecies with 16 in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.
Sexual maturity is reached by 12 months. Coyotes birth anywhere from 1 to 19 pups per litter- the average number being 6. They birth so many pups because 50 to 70% of them do not reach adult hood.
By the age of 35 days old, pups are weaned from their mothers and are feed regurgitated food by both parents. Male pups leave the den between 6 and 9 months and females usually stay with their parents and form a pack.
The life span of the Coyote is generally 10 to 15 years and up to 18 years in captivity.